Episode 227

Money in English

Hey guys! Welcome to our ENGLISH BITES – This is Erika Belmonte speaking and in case you need the transcription of this English Bite, go to www.englishbites.com.br and look for the episode number 227.

 

Once I read “some say that music is the universal language. That might be true. But it is the language of money that is universally understood”.

Do you agree with it?

I personally believe that might be true. No matter what language you speak, when the talk is money people know what your intentions are but, can you tell what are theirs?.

I mean… Are you prepared to buy things in a foreign country without having your pockets emptied by a shopkeeper?

Whatever your answer is now, by the end of this episode it will certainly be a YES. Shall we?

 

UNDERSTANDING COINS (American)

If you have already seen an American coin, you have probably noticed they all have a different face on them. Do you know who are those people? Let’s learn now, come with me:

 

1 ¢ – ONE CENT or PENNY

This coin carries the face of president Abraham Lincoln. One of the most loved President, founder of the Republican Party. Who freed the slaves through the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863.

5 ¢ – FIVE CENTS or NICKEL

This coin carries the face of president Thomas Jefferson. The 3rd President of the United States and author of the Declaration of Independence.

10 ¢ – TEN CENTS or DIME

This coin carries the face of president Franklin D. Roosevelt. As a leader of the Republican Party during the 1900’s, he became a driving force for the Progressive Era in the U.S.A in the following years

25 ¢ – TWENTY-FIVE CENTS or QUARTER

This coin carries the face of president George Washington, the first president of the United States, commander in Chief of the Army during their war for Independence and Founding Father of the country. 

50 ¢ – FIFTY CENTS or HALF DOLLAR

This coin carries the face of president Kennedy, famous for being assassinated early in his presidency for his controversial favorable position towards Black people’s rights during the Segregation. 

  

There were different types of ONE DOLLAR COINS in the U.S.A. The interesting fact is that hey are all women who were part of the US history

 

 

US$ 1 – SILVER DOLLAR or ONE DOLLAR

This coin carries the face of Lady Liberty,

 

US$ 1 – SILVER DOLLAR or ONE DOLLAR

This coin carries the face of Susan B. Anthony and circulated from 1979 through 1981. Susan fought for Women’s Rights.

 

US$ 1 – SILVER DOLLAR or ONE DOLLAR

This coin carries the face of Sacagawea. It was allowed to circulate for political issues. Sacagawea was the one american native indian responsible for establishing the communication between the Native tribes and Lewis & Clark during their expedition on the USA.

 

 

Another interesting fact: Lewis & Clark had the mission to explore the western lands of America to claim a piece of land in the name of the United States. One of their goals was to find a waterway from the US to the Pacific Ocean. Sacagawea fell in love for the the interpreter for Lewis & Clark expedition,   and from their love a child was born.

 

 

 

 

VOCABULARY

 

Change: the money you get in return of what you give

Ex: The price is $5, you give the guy $10. So he must give you a $5 change.

 

Worth: The value of something.

Ex: A diamond’s worth is determined partly by its cut and clarity.

Currency: The system of money used in a particular country.

Ex: BR – Real; US – Dollar

Half: 50%

Cost: The amount you should pay, how much the item is

Enough: as much as required

 

 CURRENCY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                        One dollar bill                                                          Five-dollar bill

          President George Washington                                  President Abraham Lincoln

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     Ten-dollar bill – Alexander Hamilton                      Twenty-dollar bill

            (Secretary of the Treasury)                                     President Andrew Jackson

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

           Fifty-dollar bill                                                 One hundred-dollar bill

President Ulysses S. Grant                                           Benjamin Franklin

1(source:  https://www.easypacelearning.com/all-lessons/learning-english-level-1/1399-american-money-english-lesson)

 

Some social rules must be respected when talking about money in English-speaking countries. It may be a very personal and sensitive matter to address to. So keep some things in mind:

Don’t ask people what their salary is, especially when you are meeting them for the first time. It may give the impression you are a rude person

Never talk about someone’s financial problem in front of other people. It may sound like an attempt to make them feel bad. On the other hand, when you talk about your own financial problem to somebody, they will understand that you trust them, then make your relationship stronger.

 

 

 

WAYS OF PAYING

     cash        check    credit/debit card

“I don’t have much cash   with me now”

 “OMG, I forgot my checkbook at home

“Sir, your credit card is no longer valid”  

     

 

For more info on how to buy things in America watch this video

 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_pUjNekRBQ8

 

 

So, that’s it for today guys. I really hope you have enjoyed today’s episode. THANK YOU SO MUCH for all your support and for listening to this English bite. Take care of yourselves and I’ll see you on the next one. Bye

 

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